Molesworth Wind Farm Action Group
Say NO to the Molesworth Wind Farm - Bythorn, Molesworth, Keyston, Brington, Clopton, Old Weston, Titchmarsh, Catworth, Leighton Bromswold
IntroductionLandscapeA brief landscape historyVisual and other amenitiesEffect on local roadsDrainageFurther DevelopmentSubsidies for Wind Farm DevelopersOverstated BenefitsNoise & other health issuesWildlife & EcologyTV ReceptionHouse Prices / SaleabilityWhat happens next?
RWE ProposalPlanning documents Molesworth Wind Farm NewslettersAction Group AdviceArticlesNot usedOther Wind FarmsScoping documents
Register your supportDonations
Campaign Group Committee
Objections
Introduction

Landscape

A brief landscape history

Visual and other amenities

Effect on local roads

Drainage

Further Development

Subsidies for Wind Farm Developers

Overstated Benefits

Noise & other health issues

Noise

The issue of noise produced by wind turbines is controversial. There are widely conflicting views, an apparent shortage of scientific research and planning regulations which are based on outdated data.

It seems that no one can be certain exactly what the noise implications would be until the site is operational. By then it would be too late to do anything about it.

Wind turbines produce three types of sound - (a) mechanical noise from the gearbox and generators, (b) aerodynamic noise from the movement of the blades through the air and (c) low frequency infrasound. Research has shown that low frequency sound can cause serious health problems for people sensitive to its effects. People living near wind turbines have been reported to experience health problems including sleep difficulties, headaches, irritability and stress.

The following factors are worth noting:

1. Obviously, the closer to a turbine you live the greater the chance of noise being an issue. The nearest house to one of the proposed turbines would be around 600m.

2. Noise would vary depending on the force and direction of the wind. If the wind were from the North then Bythorn would be down-wind and one would expect any noise to carry more in that direction.

3. Different people have different sensitivities to noise.

4. Turbines can have an effect on one another. Sound waves from one turbine can affect and be affected by sound waves from others. There is potential for small "ripples" of sound from different turbines to build up into much larger "waves" of sound. This effect can become marked at certain distances from turbine clusters.

5. The wind can blow hard at any time of day or night. In the middle of the night when background noise is low the turbines could often be at their noisiest.

6. There has been little research into the noise impacts of larger (125/130m) turbines. The people with the money to undertake such research are the Government and the wind farm developers - one suspects that they have nothing to gain and everything to lose from such research.

How noise is measured

The statutory methodology (ETSU-R-97) used by planning authorities to assess wind farm noise was developed back in 1996 using data from turbines only 40m to 60m high.

Professor Ffowcs-Williams, Emeritus Professor of Engineering, Cambridge University, one of the UK’s leading acoustical experts has said:

"The regulations (ETSU-R-97) are dated and in other ways inadequate. It is known that modern, very tall turbines, do cause problems, and many think that the current guidelines fail adequately to protect the public."

[source - Renewable Energy Foundation (REF) - Press Release 4/8/2005 - "Studies on Wind Turbines Noise Raise Further Concerns" - August 2005] - this document is no longer availabe online.

Thus the fact that any proposed wind farm appears to comply with ETSU-R-97 in an Environmental Impact Assessment gives no guarantee that there will be no noise problems for people living in the area once the wind farm is built.

Reports from the UK Noise Association and others suggest that the harmful effects on the health of people living near to wind turbines are insufficiently assessed and that minimum separation of wind turbines from dwellings needs to be increased (recommendations range from 1.5km to 1.5 miles), particularly for the large, modern turbines, until comprehensive scientific research can fully evaluate their impact.

Noise specialist, Mike Barnard observes:

"There have been many examples in the past when warning signs of future problems with new technologies have been overlooked or ignored (e.g. asbestos/tobacco). It took time before a pattern of health complaints were observed. As turbines increase both in size and proximity to houses reports of health effects appear to have started to escalate. In years to come the noise issue from large modern turbines may be seen to have fallen into the same category."

Experience of noise

Finally, the experience of the Davis family from Deeping St Nicholas, who live 930m from an eight turbine wind farm, makes worrying reading. As soon as this wind farm became operational in 2007 they started experiencing noise problems which reached such a state that they have had to find an alternative "sleeping house" 5 miles away in order to get an uninterrupted night’s sleep. Yet the wind farm met the Government guidelines. See: "Statement from Jane Davis of Deeping St. Nicholas" - National Wind Watch online documents - April 2007.

Lynn Hancock, who lives near the Red Tile wind farm north of Cambridge says:

"Imagine a seven-ton lorry left running on the drive all night and that’s what it’s like.   People describe it as like an aeroplane or a helicopter or a train that never arrives. It’s like it’s coming but it never gets here.”  - Officials Cover Up Wind Farm Noise Report, The Times 13 December 2009.

There is a proposal by Npower to build a wind farm at Bradwell-on-Sea near Maldon.  This is subject to a public enquiry following various appeals.  Most relevant here is the rebuttal of evidence adduced by Npower regarding noise, which can be viewed here.

For an interesting TV broadcast on the effects of wind turbines on local residents - especially the noise - see the LBV Television programme available on Google videos.

According to the Daily Telegraph, there have been complaints about noise in relation to as many as 1 in 6 wind farms.

For Plymouth GP Dr Amanda Harry's report on Wind Turbines, Noise and Health, click here.

Ice-throw

For information on the risk of ice-throw, see:
Risk Analysis of Ice Throw from Wind Turbines (MSUE website)

Sun Flicker


There are many horses within 1km of the turbines and riders are a daily feature of local roads and bridleways. Sun flickering on metal rotors can easily "spook" a horse - with potentially dangerous consequences for riders and other road users.

Flicker is also likely to affect local residents, especially those in Molesworth village as the sun is setting in the mid- summer months.   It is possible that turbines 7 and 8 will overlap, creating an even more strobe-like effect on occasion.    Bythorn may be similarly afflicted over the same one to two month period  by sunrise.    There may be slight flicker effect at sunrise on the A14.

The energy company will only be concerned to limit flicker through windows - possibly by providiing blinds - within a certain range of the turbines.   They will not be concerned about flicker across gardens.    Within a specified range of the turbines, they do have to be turned off at sunset to prevent flicker, but this  is likely to be just short of Molesworth village.

At night the pulsing red warning lights on the back of each turbine can also cause flicker, as they are reflected off the turning blades.

For information on the effects of sun flicker on epilepsy, click here.

Ice Throw

For a summary by The Energy Workshop, click here.
GE Energy report Ice Shedding and Ice Throw – Risk and Mitigation


For links to several articles on health issues related to wind farms see Views of Scotland.

Wildlife & Ecology

TV Reception

House Prices / Saleability

What happens next?

24 July 2017
Radio / TV

The BBC website contains a number of video clips from features related to wind farms - click here


BBC Radio 4 - Costing the Earth - 30th August 2007

"Wind power is the fastest growing renewable energy sector in Britain. The government is investing massive amounts of money in its future. But experts interviewed on Costing the Earth claim the power of the wind to deliver electricity is being overestimated by companies keen to cash in on big subsidies."

Listen again to the programme & read more on the BBC website:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/science/
costingtheearth_20070830.shtml


For an interesting TV broadcast on the effects of wind turbines on local residents - especially the noise - see the LBV Television programme available on the Wadlow Windfarm website. [This is a large file. It may take a very long time to open - but is well worth listening to].

Web Pages / Articles

"Wind farms alone won't solve our problems" - CPRE

RSPB policy on wind farms

RICS commissioned report: What is the impact of wind farms on house prices?

Wind Power in Denmark - Dr V C Mason (Sept 2007) (PDF file)

Wind turbine noise, annoyance and self-reported health and
well-being in different living environments
- BMJ - March 2007 - E Pedersen, K Persson Waye (PDF file)

Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise - E Pedersena and K Persson Waye - J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 116, No. 6, December 2004 (PDF file)

Noise Radiation from Wind Turbines installed Near Homes: Effects on Health - with an annotated review of the research and realted issues - B Frey & P Hadden - Feb 2007


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